The most important factor to remember while taking care of your plants is water. Water requirements of plants should be fulfilled by regular and appropriate watering. Watering of potted plants should be just enough to wet the complete potting medium. Excess water draining from the pot should not be allowed to collect below the pot as excess water can rot the roots. Humidity of surrounding air also affects the health of plants. Few methods to increase humidity around house plants are misting (spraying. The benefits of misting are that it cools the plants down in the hot weather, provides humidity to leaves in dry conditions and cleans the leaves.
Make sure your plants are grown in an area which gets light in abundance. Light is the essential factor for plants as it enables photosynthesis. Provide direct sunlight to flowering and colorful foliage plants. Keep an eye for pale leaves, slow, weak growth of stems, leaves drying and dropping as these are the indicators of insufficient light to the plants. If you notice such symptoms, immediately shift your plants to a place which gets more sunlight. For hydroponic or indoor plants, make sure your plants get enough light from CFL or LED lamps.
Any living thing thrives on balanced nutrition and plants are no exception to this. Plants require three major elements in their food- Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. While feeding your plants, maintain regularity rather than infrequently providing them high amounts of fertilizers. Feed the plants in proportions as mentioned on the container.
Many gardeners feel that the growth phase of plants is the most important one and they ignore plants once they are fully grown. Do not make this mistake! A fully grown plant requires as much care as a growing one. Plants have to be properly pruned from time to time. Pruning is important to give your plants desired size, shape and weed out yellowed, dead parts of the plants. Pruning increases light penetration in the canopy of plants, helps them grow healthier and bushier.
Other than the above mentioned points, follow some simple tips for plant care:
- Keep turning potted plants (especially indoor plants) so that all parts get equal amount of light and they don’t shoot up in one direction.
- In dry seasons, water your plants twice a day.
- Keep checking for any pest or fungal infestation. Spray your plants with appropriate pesticides and fungicides.