Many growers and indoor gardeners are considering growing plants using hydroponics. It is an advanced method which is useful in growing plants without soil. You can save a lot of space with the help of this method.
To get started with hydroponics, you will need to prepare the seedlings for the hydroponic garden. Plants like tomatoes, lettuce, pepper etc grow very well hydroponically. You can grow hydroponic plants in any container right from an old fish tank to unused barrel. Dark plastic containers are most favorable. Choose wide containers as they provide surface area to grow more plants or bigger plants.
Since there is no soil used in hydroponics, the plants are completely dependent on the nutrient supply provided by you. Dissolve the nutrients and add water to them. You can get a manual to know the right nutrients for your plants. You can buy nutrients from any general hydroponics store. You can also make your own fertilizer. All you need is a teaspoon and cup to dissolve the fertilizer. Dissolve chemicals with water in cup. You can take 2 rounded teaspoons of water soluble hydroponic fertilizer 8.15-36, 1 rounded teaspoon of Magnesium Sulfate (Epsom Salt), and 2 slightly rounded teaspoons of Calcium Nitrate.
Beginners can go with mediums like perlite or rockwool which does not require much investment. Once you have sown seeds, place a plastic cover on the container. If you are growing the plants indoors then you will need artificial source of light. Hydroponic plants grow well in HED lights but for small scale production, you can choose compact fluorescent lights and you will still get good results. Make sure your plants get enough light and nutrients and keep the growing area clean so that there is no rot or fungal growth.
Hydroponics is a science which requires precision and care to details. However, it is fulfilling method which will give you nutritious, fuller, flourishing plants in less space and a meager investment.