After the legalization of growing marijuana in North America for medicinal use, states like California are witnessing a wave of Cannabis cultivation. Many growers are trying to grow Cannabis at home, as it grows well in various conditions. It is naturally resistant to most pests, preventing the need for pesticides. Indoor hydroponics is the best way of growing with minimum worries and without soil tilling hassles.
Though Cannabis are tough plants, still the whole atmosphere of your grow room should be perfectly controlled to produce healthy crops. Growers use inert and sterile growing medium in a hydroponic system instead of messing up with soil. To begin with, pick up some clones of good yielding Cannabis plants, if you’re not lucky in this case, you can use seeds. Be careful to buy best quality seeds for healthy high yielding plants. Germinate them in rockwool cubes held in hydroponic cups. This will give good compact rooting. Three-fourth part of the growing cube should be immersed in water but make sure seed is not submerged.
You can use Ebb and Flow system for growing marijuana due to its low maintenance, high productivity, and ease of use. Beginners and professional growers can use this hydroponics system alike. Nutrient solutions feeds all the macro, micronutrients to the plants roots flowed through grow bed using a pump, and then remaining solution is drained off. Plants need light to photosynthesize and in indoor hydroponics cannabis garden, you need to provide proper lighting to them. You can opt for Metal Halide and High Pressure Sodium (HPS) lamps. Metal halide lamps are best for vegetative phase and HPS for flowering phase. Maintain the lights at about 20 inches high above the plants. It should not be too close or too far, which can either burn or stretch the plants. During vegetative stage, cannabis needs 16-24 hours of lighting. During flowering phase, they produce the most of the active ingredient called THC. During flowering initiation, marijuana plants need 12-13 hours of light a day. This cycle lasts for two months or maybe a little longer. When you see small white hairs at the bud sites, know that your plants are blossoming. The whole crop is usually ready for harvest within 3-4 months if grown hydroponically.
Though there are drawbacks like high initial set up cost, unwanted technical breakdown, and bit of hydroponics skill and knowledge, hydroponics has its own share of numerous advantages like less labor, controlled growing environment, prevention of soil borne pests, giving faster, higher, and healthier marijuana yields.