Hydroponics is a technique for growing plants in which plants are grown without using soil but in a nutrient medium. Nowadays, many growers are opting for hydroponic methods to grow fruits and vegetables. Hydroponics systems is easy to set-up and requires minimal cost. So if you want to build, your own homemade hydroponics systems, here is your guide on how to do it!
The simplest hydroponics systems that can be built at home is the Deep Water Culture system (DWC). For this, all you need is a container to fill in nutrient solution and water. Use an air pump and air stone to aerate the nutrient solution. Place a smaller container inside nutrient solution reservoir so that lower half of container is immersed. Clay pebbles act as best growth substrate/ medium for this system. DWC is one of the simplest methods and can be set up easily by the beginners as well.
One of the other popular systems amongst hydroponic growers is Ebb and Flow system. To build this system, you will need plastic container to hold the media, air pumps, nutrient solutions, outlet water fittings, and the submersive pump. To set-up ebb and flow system, place the inlet pipe at the bottom of the growth container. Nutrient solution and water is pumped in through this inlet pipe. Air pump is used to flood in the solution. Next place outlet pipe right at the top of grow box from where water and solvent will be pumped out.
Another system which you can build at home is wick hydroponic system. For this, you will need two cheap storage totes and several feet of nylon rope of cotton fibers. Place the two totes one above the other. Fill lower container with nutrient solutions and keep it oxygenated with the help of an air pump. The top tote will hold plant containers. Drill about ½ an inch holes in each container and allow nylon/ cotton ropes to dangle down from there in to the nutrient reservoir. Because of capillary action of wicks, nutrient solution will be carried up to the roots of plants. This is a very cheap and easy to set up hydroponics systems.
With the help of more advanced technical equipments, you can build any system of your liking at home; however, above mentioned are the simplest systems of all. These homemade hydroponics systems require low maintenance minimal cost to be built. While building any hydroponics systems, take into consideration space available, number and type of plants you want to grow, and your budget and then accordingly you can select the best suited system.