Avocados are one of the wonderful summer fruit, which is high in nutrition and flavor. Growing avocado trees is very easy and anyone can grow their own plant by planting a seed. A citrus avocado fruit trees nearly takes 10 to 15 years from seed to produce fruit and to know whether it is edible. All the fruits grown from seed will have different taste and they won’t taste like the grocery purchased avocado. It is because the grocery fruits are been grown from cloning or from grafting. Grafted fruit tree produce fruit right away because they are physiologically identical to the original mother tree.
Growing avocado from seed makes a great educational project for home and classrooms. Carefully remove the seed from the avocado without damaging it. Soak the pit in water for few minutes and then scrub all the remaining fruit from the pit. Gently remove all the fruit from the pit without removing the skin of the pit. The brown skin on the pit is said to be seed cover.
Avocado pits are like perfect spheres and some are slightly oblong. Observe the pit the slightly pointier end is the top from which the sprout will grow and the flat end is the bottom from where the roots will emerge. For germination take four toothpicks and stick them into the avocado seed around the circumference of the avocado spaced evenly. Stick them in a slight angle pointing down. Take a clear glass along with water and place the avocado bottom half in water. Make sure the toothpicks rest on the rim of the glass and the base of the avocado rests in the water properly.
Place the pit near the windowsill where they can get sunlight. Check every day and change the water every five days a week. Make sure you change water regularly to prevent bacteria and fungus growth on the avocado sprout. Avocado takes 5 to 6 weeks to get sprout. While changing the water be careful not to damage the avocado pit.
Within few days avocado top will dry out and a crack with form and it will extend to the bottom of the pit from where the taproot will emerge. Do not allow the taproot to dry out so water regularly. Once the plant reaches 7 to 8 inches long, cut it back to about 4 inches as this will encourage the plant to grow. When again it grows upto 7 to 8 inches place them in a pot. Use rich humus soil and plant the avocado pit into the pot, leave the top half of the seed exposed.
Avocado do not like damp soil, water them in a proper intervals. Let the soil dry out a bit between watering. During fall season reduce watering. Feed your young plants with base nutrients Iguana Juice Grow mix 3.5 ml of the Iguana Juice formula per liter of water and add it into the soil as it provides your plants immediate quality nutrition. Use Iguana Bloom when the tree is ready for blooming. This nutrients is purely organic and it contains most premium fish extract, guano, earthworm castings, yucca, krill, alfalfa, volcanic ash and other organic ingredients that promote flowering.
Place them where they can get good sunlight. Avocado prefers more sunlight to grow better. To make your plant bushy, pinch out the top two set of leaves as this will encourage the plant to grow move leaves.
Avocado trees can be grown indoors as houseplants. Ficus benjamina variety can be grown indoors as it normally reaches a height of 20 – 30 feet. Growing an avocado tree indoors makes a beautiful houseplant. Place them near the sunny window indoors, use grow lights for indoor plants if you cannot provide natural sunlight. Prune and pinch back to give it a shape, to encourage the growth and to look beautiful.
Citrus avocado fruit trees are self-pollinating, they have unique flowers both male and female organs. Growing outdoors avocado doesn’t have the problem of pollination, when you grow indoor arrange a fan for pollination.
Harvest avocados when the fruit slightly change its skin color, loss glossiness and a brown seed coat is a sign of maturity. Avocado fruit can be picked when mature but still hard. Allow the fruits ripen off the tree, when the fruit is soften it indicates the ripeness. Store fruit in refrigerated for several days after picking from the tree.