If you’re planning to venture into flower gardening and looking for tips for growing beautiful roses, here are the tips for your first glance. You can grow these plants outdoors or indoors, in your backyard soil or hydroponically. Apart from amateur home growers, commercial growers also cultivate roses that fetch them handsome returns.
Roses are not very difficult to grow and maintain as perceived by many growers. It is a tricky task, but it is as easy as any other flower gardening endeavor; once you get the basics rights. While planting rose, you need to pay attention towards disease-resistant varieties, climate, and soil. Plant them where they receive minimum 6 hours of sunlight. They need cool and moist weather conditions during planting just like in spring or fall. Rose plants need cold weather and an interlude of winter dormancy; so if you are in hot climatic region, then old garden roses, especially shrub roses, hybrid perpetual, Chinas, and teas would be fruitful for your garden. Those who live near coastal areas or desert lands, try growing Rosa Rugosa and its hybrids, since they can endure water scarcity for several weeks and can even bear salt air and sandy soil. If you live in extreme colder climates, then choosing from tough varieties like Rosa Acicularis, Rosa Alba, Rosa Beggeriana, Rosa Blanda, Rosa Centifolia, Rosa Cinnomomea, Rosa Eglanteria, Rosa Foetida, Rosa Gallicia, Rosa Glauca, Rosa Moyessi, Rosa Nitida, Rosa Polyantha, Rosa Rugosa, Rosa Setigera, Rosa Spinossimia, Rosa Suffulta, and Rosa Xanthina would be beneficial. Yellow roses don’t grow well in heavy winters. Rose plants prefer good moisture holding soil but well drained. Rose plants grow fine in compost rich soil and need several fertilizer applications. They love to be fed with growth supplements. To minimize stress on rose plants, wrap the roses in gauze or a burlap mesh before extreme winters. Heap mulch around their rose bushes, and hold it in place with chicken wire.
If you opt for indoor hydroponics flower gardening, all these issues will be addressed, since you’ll grow them in controlled environment. While growing indoors, during vegetative phase of rose plants try metal halide bulbs that give blue spectrum; when they start flowering, switch over to high-pressure sodium bulbs with red spectrum light. To get maximum blooms, prune it properly and protect your plants from powdery mildew, rust, and black spot etc. Protecting sprays like Funginex, Orthene, and Malathion can be used to tackle disease and pest problems in your rose garden.